Now showing items 1-10 of 66
HIV Subtype D Is Associated with Dementia, Compared with Subtype A, in Immunosuppressed Individuals at Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Kampala, Uganda
(Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2009)
Background. In the United States, clade B is the predominant human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) subtype, whereas in sub-Saharan Africa, clades A, C, and D are the predominant subtypes. HIV subtype may have an impact on ...
Circumcision and HIV infection: assessment of causality
Whether the observed association between male circumcision and HIV infection is causal or not has not been verified. We did a meta-analysis of published data and applied Hill’s criteria for causality on all available ...
The costs and effectiveness of four HIV counseling and testing strategies in Uganda
(Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2009)
Objective: HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is a key intervention for HIV/AIDS control, and new strategies have been developed for expanding coverage in developing countries. We compared costs and outcomes of four HCT ...
HIV immune reconstitution syndrome in sub-Saharan Africa
(Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008)
Over the last 5 years, there has been remarkable progress in providing HAART to patients in developing countries. In sub-Saharan Africa alone, the number receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) has more than doubled in ...
Bronchoscopy is useful for diagnosing smear-negative tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients
(European Respiratory Journal, 2010)
Subclinical atherosclerosis among HIV-infected adults attending HIV/AIDS care at two large Ambulatory HIV clinics in Uganda
(PLOS One, 2014)
Background: The increased immune activation and inflammation of chronic HIV-infection and the characteristic dyslipidemias associated with HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) contribute to an increased risk of ...
Prevalence of HIV/AIDS among breast cancer patients and the clinico-pathological presentation of breast cancer with HIV/AIDS in Mulago Hospital
(Makerere University, 2011-04)
Background: Breast cancer is the most common site-specific cancer accounting for 33% of all female cancers and is responsible for 20% of the cancer-related deaths in women. Objective: To determine the prevalence of HIV ...
Male partner willingness to participate in couple HIV counselling and testing for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV in Dodoma-Tanzania
(Makerere University, 2013)
Introduction: Mother to child transmission of HIV (MTCT) is a serious problem in both developing and developed countries regardless of the availability of PMTCT program. Couple HIV Counseling and Testing as a method of ...
Male circumcision, sexual behavior, and HIV status in Uganda
After a series of studies that revealed the protective effect of male circumcision against HIV infection, WHO/UNAIDS in 2007 recommended the adoption of safe male circumcision as one of the effective strategies in reducing ...
Factors associated with male involvement in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programmes in Entebbe Municipality
(Makerere University, 2012)
Background: Involving men in PMTCT programmes increases its uptake by women. Despite this observation, providers and implementers of PMTCT programmes continue to face challenges in reaching sexual partners of HIV positive ...