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    • Transmission of viral RNA and DNA to maize kernels by vascular puncture inoculation 

      Redinbaugh, Margaret G.; Louie, Raymond; Ngwira, Patricia; Edema, Richard; Gordon, Donald T.; Bisaro, David M. (Elsevier Science, 2001)
      Vascular puncture inoculation (VPI) is an effective technique for transmission of maize viruses without using arthropods or other biological vectors. It involves using a jeweler’s engraving tool to push minuten pins through ...