Spatio-temporal crime analysis and mapping system
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The study focused on improving crime analysis and mapping in Uganda Police Force using Geographical information system (GIS) and other analytical tools. To achieve the aim of the study, Spatio-temporal crime Analysis and Mapping System (STCAMS) was developed. The analysis of the existing information system in the Uganda Police Force showed that the current system was manual and not effective. It lacked comprehensive crime analysis with a spatial component in the form of a map. In addition, socio-demographic data were missing. The Spatio-temporal Crime Analysis and Mapping System (STCAMS) which included various components of spatio-temporal crime analysis and mapping was therefore developed to solve the above problems. The new system was implemented using PHP/HTML, MySQL Server, ArcView GIS, Arc Explorer and it was tested and validated to determine if it fulfilled the requirements of the system. The GIS was used to tie crime data to location and view crime situation of an area on a map. Police commanders can use the developed prototype software to pinpoint the problem areas and allocate appropriate resources to effectively control crime. With the use of GIS, crime analysis in police was improved to combine crime, location, socio-demographic and temporal data in order to identify crime trends and patterns, victims, and perpetuaters of crime, for a better control. A number of recommendations were made for proper implementation of the new system (STCAMS). The communication channel as stipulated in the Standing Orders needs to be revised to allow for the direct access to information thereby reducing the bureaucracy which in turn improves efficiency in crime analysis. The computers should be networked and security measures for data accessibility defined. Lastly, the new system has to be continuously maintained and updated.