Prevalence and risk factors of Echinococcus granulosus infection in dogs in Moroto and Bukedea Districts in Uganda

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dc.contributor.author Oba, Peter
dc.contributor.author Ejobi, Francis
dc.contributor.author Omadang, Leonard
dc.contributor.author Chamai, Martin
dc.contributor.author Okwi, Andrew Livex
dc.contributor.author Othieno, Emmanuel
dc.contributor.author Inangolet, Francis Olaki
dc.contributor.author Ocaido, Michael
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-08T07:47:48Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-08T07:47:48Z
dc.date.issued 2015-10
dc.identifier.issn 0049-4747
dc.identifier.uri 10.1007/s11250-015-0943-z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10570/5539
dc.description.abstract A cross sectional study was conducted in Moroto and Bukedea districts of Uganda from May to September 2013 to determine the prevalence and risk factors of Echinococcus granulosus infection in dogs. Fresh dog faecal samples were collected, preserved in 70 % ethanol, and later screened for presence of taeniid eggs using zinc chloride floatation method. Positive samples were confirmed by a copro- PCR (polymerase chain reaction) for E. granulosus using NADH dehydrogenase sub-unit 1 gene (NADH1) as a target molecular marker. Structured questionnaires and focus group discussions were used to collect quantitative and qualitative data for risk factor identification. Study sub-counties were selected by simple random sampling. Overall apparent prevalence of taeniid infection in dogs of 14.9 % (39/261, confidence interval 10.6–19.2) in both districts was recorded using the faecal floatation test. The sensitivity of the faecal floatation test was found to be 78 % (25/32), while the specificity was 93%(215/229). Copro-PCR results revealed a true prevalence of 14.4% (9.91–19.0, 95 % CI) in dogs in Moroto district and 7.4 % (2.14–12.60, 95 % CI) in Bukedea district. The overall true prevalence of cystic echinococcosis (CE) was 12.2 % (8.70–15.76, 95 % CI) in both districts. The major risk factors identified using logistic regression were uncontrolled access of dogs to animal slaughter facilities, higher cattle herd sizes en_US
dc.description.sponsorship German Research Council (DFG) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer en_US
dc.subject Echinococcus granulosus en_US
dc.subject Dogs en_US
dc.subject Animal diseases en_US
dc.subject Parasitic disease en_US
dc.title Prevalence and risk factors of Echinococcus granulosus infection in dogs in Moroto and Bukedea Districts in Uganda en_US
dc.type Journal article en_US

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